Second block of the pyramid is “Information”. Previous post about data described how and what constitutes definition of data. In this stage, we are trying to “understand” the characteristics of data as we progress to the next level. A quick and simple term for information would be “data + semantics“.
When you look at atomic data, it can represent anything because we don’t have any meaning attached to it. Let us take an example of the alphabet “F” and from data perspective it can represent anything.
Basically, based on the context, information is derived from data. One important item to note here is that, data has not changed at all during our exercise, but the view about data changed based upon the context we looked at.
Let us add more meaning to data sequentially and see how the information about atomic data changes at every step. This is illustrated in the image and we get more clarity on the data as and when additional meaning or context is added to it.